Why does quality in Child Care matter?
While child care in Canada is a hotly debated political topic at the moment, the idea of child care quality should be a bi-partisan topic, as all sides in the debate agree that quality is necessary.
Research consistently shows that high quality "is an important influence on children’s development" (Love et al, 2003; Centre for the Developing Child, Harvard, 2007) In fact, the research that shows that child care programs are beneficial to young children? It equally shows that it is often beneficial only if it is quality child care. Low quality child care can in fact be harmful to the development and growth of young children.
Given this undisputed finding, it is surprising that more research into assessing quality child care has not been done. In Canada, there are few systems currently in place to assess quality care. All provinces have regulated care; there is a governing body in every province that issues chid care licenses and ensures that basic health and safety standards are followed. But across Canada, there is minimal attention to quality.
The BC Child Care Quality Assessment Standard (QAS) is an assessment tool that, unlike the directive rubrics found in ECERS /ITERS and the AQI and the solely open-ended Alberta Accreditation tool, blends a rubric with outcome-based objectives. Based off of the BC ELF and the BC Child Care Licensing Regulations, the QAS is a tool for child care programs to self-assess as well as participate in a BC quality assessment system that provides Educators and Parents assurance of the quality of a particular program.